The SAT Test Structure

The Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) is a standardized test, owned and published by the College Board. The SAT is widely used for US college admissions. This test consists of three sections: Evidence-based Reading & Writing, Math and an Optional Essay.

Evidence-based Reading & Writing

This section includes a Reading, Writing and Language test. Each test is composed of multi-paragraph passages and multiple choice questions. The Reading test measures comprehension and reasoning. The Writing and Language test assesses expression, grammar, usage and punctuation.


This section includes multiple-choice and response questions. The questions are based on the Math college-bound students typically learn during their first three years of high school.

Essay (Optional)

This section asks students to read and analyse an argument and write an effective response. Although optional, many universities either require or recommend completing the essay section and use the essay scores as part of their evaluation. Hence, it is advisable to complete this section.


Evidence-based Reading & Writing96100200 to 800
Reading Sub-test5265200 to 800
Writing and Language Sub-test4435200 to 800
Math5880200 to 800
"No-Calculator" Sub-test2025200 to 800
"Calculator" Sub-test3855200 to 800
Essay1506 to 24